Technology is having a very high impact on our lives these days. The internet with huge network groups and connected devices has made the objects around us smart and intelligent. Wearable devices connected to the internet have become quite common now. Along with them, the term “Internet of Things” is gradually gaining popularity. The process of connecting each and every physical object together and establishing efficient communication between them is leading to a smarter world. Such smart technologies integrated in various devices can help improve our lifestyle and make it much more convenient.
The idea has been in expansion and development for decades but the concept was framed and officially named in the late 1990s. The first known application of Internet of Things was reported in early 1980s, which was a Coke Machine at Carnegie Melon University, where programmers were able to connect the machine over the internet and check the status of working of the machine. Later, the technology has been developing and facing new and dynamic trends. New innovations are discovered and implemented in the field of internet of thingsand big data applications to increase productivity and user experience.
IOT: Technology Making Objects Smarter.
The internet of things refers to the concept in which physical objects are connected to a network, provided them with an IP address for internet connectivity and thus enabling communication between these devices and related internet connected systems. These internet enabled device can be any objects including electronic devices, vehicles, buildings and other animate and inanimate objects. These objects are embedded with electronics, data, software and sensors with network connectivity allowing them to send and receive data and thus ensuring real time communication between them. This technology helps in direct integration of the physical objects and real time monitoring and control of these systems using computer-based systems.
Internet of Things embraces the concept of cyber-physical systems which includes the smarter technologies like smart homes, smart offices, smart transport and grid facilities and making cities smarter. Internet of things for smart cities is an ever challenging topic and at the same time creating hope for a better and smarter world.
IOT, Revolutionizing the Tech World.
It is expected that the IOT will reach up to 50 billion objects by 2020.
The trend is that Internet of Things applications are gradually increasing and gaining more popularity. This technology is made possible by the proper convergence of Mobile, Big data and Cloud computing. It is obvious that about 90 percent of internet connected consumer devices is assumed to have access to some personal cloud storage space. This computer and network enabled communication involves less human interference and thus results in better accuracy, efficiency and economic benefit. This Expansion of Internet-Connected Automated objects, has simply revolutionized the tech world.
Internet of Things is broadly a system of interconnected computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, and other objects which are given unique identifier codes and are able to transfer data over that network and seamlessly communicating with each other. In this way, this system probably eliminates the need of human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction and consequently improving the accuracy and efficiency level. However, the major challenge encountered with IOT is managing and analysis of real time data. This can be more effective with more powerful and robust devices with fast operating speed and performance with the help of Big Data Analytics and Cloud Computing. IOT is a technological evolution in the world of internet and wireless technologies and will definitely add on to the consumerization of IT sector.
Internet of Things devices includes everything like smartphone apps functioning for controlling your room temperature, lighting, controlling your TV’s and other consumer electronic goods, electronic systems handling traffic congestions and managing parking areas in cities and a lot more. Practical applications of IOT is not just limited to households and industries, but also covers various other sectors like business and management, agriculture, healthcare, energy, transportation, defence, research and development and many other real time applications. In our everyday life, there are many Internet of Things examples to point out, some of which are given below.
Existence of IOT in Today’s World:
An automobile with built-in sensors to monitor its conditions.
An animal with a unique biochip transponder to identify livestock animals.
A person with a heart monitor implant for monitoring heart conditions.
An aeroplane with IOT sensors to identify the wear and tear if any.
Smart body analyser that helps you to stay fit and healthy.
Wearable internet connected gadgets including rings & watches that communicate real time data of your smartphone without actually checking it.
Smart Energy Management Systems with temperature and light sensors monitoring the usage and regulating fans and AC’s and automatically turning off lights.
There are lot more applications and advancements of IOT enabled devices apart from those listed out here. These physical objects are connected to the internet and assigned an IP address, then transfer and exchange of data takes place over the network between the connected devices.
Future Scope of Internet of Things
In future, we could expect more and more Internet of Things Projects and applications discovered and implemented. A few of them are given below.
When you miss your train/flight, the system will itself identify the situation and auto rebooking is done.
Your automobile connected to the smart transportation network could find the route and check for parking space at your destination and book the place.
Digital Key for accessing your hotel rooms and belongings.
Finger Print Sensors for accessing all financial transactions using credit card.
Track your luggage while you travel by using a simple sensor placed in the luggage.
Real time arrival and departure notifications on your smart phone from Airport/Railway after you book a ticket for a trip.
The internet-enabled fridge that helps you knows the availability of food items in your refrigerator and reminds you to buy things.